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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2011;50(5): 446-452.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2011.50.5.446
Percutaneous Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation Under Fluoroscopic Image-Guidance for Idiopathic Trigeminal Neuralgia.
Byung Chul Son, Hyung Suk Kim, Il Sup Kim, Seung Ho Yang, Sang Won Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. sbc@catholic.ac.kr
We retrospectively investigated the long-term results of percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) using fluoroscopic image-guidance for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.
A total of 38 patients diagnosed and treated with RFT as an idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia were investigated. To minimize the risks related to conventional technique based on cutaneous landmarks, and to eliminate the need to frequent reposition of cannula, we adopted a technique of image-guided fluoroscopic cannulation of the foramen ovale. To minimize sensory complication following thermal lesion, our target response was a generation of a lesion with mild to moderate hypalgesia rather than dense hypalgesia.
The immediate pain-relief was achieved in all patients underwent RFT. With mean duration of follow-up of 38.2 months (range,12-72), 11 (28.9%) experienced recurrence of pain. The mean timing of recurrence was 26.1 months (range,12-46). A 42.7% recurrence rate was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis for the 38 patients at 46 months; 20.2% within 2 years, 29.1% within 3 years. In the long-term, 27 patients (71%) and 6 patients (15.8%) showed Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) score I and BNI score II responses. 3 (7.9%) patients was assessed as BNI score III, 2 patients (5.3%) showed BNI score IV response. As a complication, troublesome dysesthesia occurred in 3 of 38 patients (7.9%), however, there was no permanent cranial nerve palsy or morbidity.
These results indicates that RFT under fluoroscopic image-guided cannulation of foramen ovale is a safe, effective, and reliable means of treating trigeminal neuralgia.
Key Words: Fluoroscopy; Foramen ovale; Radiofrequency; Thermocoagulation; Trigeminal neuralgia
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