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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 4(1); 1975 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1975;4(1): 105-110.
A Case of Brain Stem Glioma.
Hyung Dong Kim, Jung Kil Rhee, Dae Jo Kim, Young Chul Ok, Kyu Woong Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, The National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Intracranial gliomas were found more commonly in childhood(70 to 80%) than in adulthood(40 to 45%). The common infratentorial tumors in children were cerebellar astrocytoma(26.9%), medulloblastoma(18.5%) and brain stem glioma(10.5%). Brain stem gliomas were infiltrating type of tumor and frequently involved the pons and medulla. An almost pathognomic syndrome of the brain stem gliomas consists in the presences of multiple bilateral cranial nerve abnormalities in combination with involving signs of pyramidal tract and cerebro-dentato-rubro-thalamic tract in the absence signs of increased ICP, especially in the early stage. These tumors take grave course because of clinical malignancy and lack of definite therapy. Once diagnosed, radiation therapy was at best palliative treatment. Sometimes surgical therapy could be attempted to find out curable cysts. We have been experienced in a case of brain stem glioma recently that was confirmed with an autopsy;astrocytoma grade II to III, microscopically.
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