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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1977;6(2): 391-406.
Reduction and Fusion in Cervical Fracture Dislocation.
Gyul Kim, Sun Ho Chee, Chung Soo Kay
Department of Neurological Surgery, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
With the establishment of the anterior cervical approach as the procedure of choice for cervical fracture-dislocation, attention has now turned to refinements of Cloward technique. The purpose of application of the Cloward technique is to achieve early stabilization of the fracture-dislocation, to shorten the recumbency period, and to promote rehabilitation. Recently the authors have experienced with the Cloward technique in the treatment of cervical fracture-dislocation. Our results indicated that anterior interbody fusion has been a satisfactory method for stabilizing one or more segment of the cervical fracture-dislocation. The prevention of dowel fracture or extrusion following fusion has been a important factor in the success. Another advantage obtained is to use the operating microscope for decompression of nerve roots. The chronic locked facets have not been reduced by the application of Cloward technique, but have been managed to achieve stabilization with Smith-Robinson technique. The lateral cervical pucture technique(C1-C2) for pantopaque myelography has been shown to be a valuable adjunct of acute injuries of the cervical spinal cord. A new technique for wiring and fusion of atlanto-axial dislocation has been performed with satisfactory results.
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