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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1989;18(7-12): 995-1002.
Management of Intracranial Arachnoid Cysts in Children.
Hyung Jik Oh, Young Sup Park, Sang Won Lee, Chun Kun Park, Min Woo Baik, Moon Chan Kim, Joon Ki Kang, Jin Un Song
Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
14 supratentorial and 6 infratentorial arachnoid cysts, diagnosed and treated at Kangnam St Mary's Hospital from 1983 to 1988, are reported. The most common presenting symptoms in children were craniomegaly, delayed development, increased ICP and neurological focal signs. Neuroradiological examination included plain skull X-ray, brain CT and metrizamide CT or isotope study. Therapeutic criteria according to the clinical and radiological findings were reviewed. The results were as follows; 1) The patient below age of 2 yrs who's brain had a potent ability of growth should be operated in any cases for reducing mass effect. 2) In sylvian lesion, Type II and III according to the classification of Galassi were well treated with C-P snunt. 3) In infratentorial lesion, all patients had hydrocephalus and the patient who had communicated with subarachnoid space in metrizamide CT were well treated with V-P shunt and who not communicated with subarachnoid space was well treated with Y-shunt. 4) We had good results by fenestration above the age of 3 yrs and by C-P shunt under the age of 2 yrs in supratentorial lesion.
Key Words: Arachnoid cyst; C-P shunt; Fenestration; Metrizamide CT
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