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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1990;19(2): 197-206.
The Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Leukotriene C4 in Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Jun Seong Lee, Man Bin Yim, Eun Ik Son, Ding Won Kim, In Hong Kim, In Kyu Lee
1Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea.
2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea.
We have checked levels of leukotriene(LT) C4, one of the arachidonic acid(AA) metabolites, in the lumbar, cisternal and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) of 37 patients admitted with diagnosis of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) and in lumbar CSF of 10 patients without aneurysmal SAH as the control group. We compared the levels of LTC4 in the CSF of the patients with aneurysmal SAH with those of the control group. We observed the changes of levels of LTC4 periodically after the onset of SAH. We devided the data of patients with aneurysmal SAH into 3 groups according to sampling days(respectively 1-4, 5-11, 12-24 days after SAH) and the clinical spasm group was compared with that of the non-spasm group. We also looked for the differences in the sampling sites and the correlation between the white blood cell counts and the levels of LTC4 in the CSF. The results of this study showed that the mean level of CSF LTC4(+/- standard deviation) of the SAH group was significantly higher than that of the control group(215.59+/-94.95 vs. 98.44+/-31.72pg/ml, respectively : P<0.001). The level of the CSF LTC4 progressively increased upto 7-8 days after SAH and decreased thereafter in the spasm group. The level of the CSF LTC4 of the spasm group was significantly higher than that of the non-spasm group(239.03+/-49.94 vs. 163.06+/-64.39pg/ml, respectively : P<0.05) in the first 4 days after SAH. There was no significant difference in the level of CSF LTC4 in the ventricular, cisternal, and lumbar CSF statistically(196.25+/-61.15 vs. 222.51+/-101.50 vs. 233.40+/-100.85pg/ml, respectively : P>0.05) even though we expected the level in the cisternal CSF to be higher than the lumbar CSF. There was no correlation between the white blood cell counts and the levels of LTC4 in the CSF(correlation coefficient=0.1240). From this study it is concluded that : 1) the AA metabolism via the lipoxygenase pathway is enhanced after SAH ; 2) the LTC4 may play a role in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm, especially in the early days after SAH ; 3) the extraction of CSF via the external ventricular or cisternal drainage may decrease substances such as LTC4 which was thought to be vasoconstrictor material ; and 4) the granulocyte production of the LTC4 accounts for only a small part.
Key Words: Subarachnoid hemorrhage; Cerebrospinal fluid; Cerebral vasospasm; Arachidonic acid; Leukotriene C4
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