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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1990;19(6): 758-765.
Clinical Analysis of Pediatric Neurosurgical Diseases.
Jae Ho Bae, Dong Ro Han, Eun Sig Doh, Sam Kyu Ko, Oh Lyong Kim, Yong Chul Chi, Byung Yearn Choi, Soo Ho Cho
Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Taegu, Korea.
The authors analyzed pediatric(under 15-year of age) neurosurgical disease patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, Yeungnam University Hospital during the 6-year period from May 1983 to April 1989. The results were as follows : 1) Among the total 5,007 neurosurgical admission cases during this period, pediatric cases were 573(11.4%). 2) The total pediatric cases consist of traumatic(80.1%), tumor(5.9%), congenital anomaly(3.1%), infection(3.1%), vascular anomaly(2.1%) and miscellaneous(5.6%) lesions. 3) The male to female ratio was 1.67 : 1 in trauma. 4) The most common age of trauma are 3 to 8 years. 5) The incidence of trauma was relatively common in spring and autumn. 6) The traffic accident is most common cause of pediatric trauma. 7) The contusion case with GCS 9 to 15 revealed good result. 8) 23.1% of 108 intracranial hematoma had no skull fracture. 9) Mortality in trauma was relatively low(1.8%) compared to adult.
Key Words: Pediatric neurosurgical disease; Traffic accident; Mortality; Brain tumor; Congenital anomaly
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