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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1990;19(7): 1015-1023.
Antimicrobial Treatment of Bacterial Infections of the Central Nervous System.
Seung Chul Park, Woo Joo Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Advances in the antimicrobials lower the mortality rate in most infectious diseases. But bacterial infections of the CNS is still one of the life-threatening infections. Untreated acute bacterial meningitis is fatal in 70% to 100% of patients. With appropriate antibacterial therapy, the case-fatality rate had been greatly reduced with death occurring principally in the very young the very old, or those with potentially lethal underlying diseases. Early recognition and antimicrobial therapy is mostly desirable. The causes of acute bacterial meningitis vary with age and the clinical setting under which the infection occurs. Empirical antibiotic treatment was started immediately on suspicion of the bacterial meningitis prior to etiologic diagnosis. The most effective and least toxic bactericidal drugs should be selected on the basis of known or predicted susceptibility of the bacterial cause of the disease. After the identification of the specific organism and determination of susceptibilities, effective antimicrobial was administered parenterally at maximum dose. The third-generation cephalosporins(cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, and ceftzidime) offer new advantages in the treatment of meningitis because they are active at the CSF concentraions obtainable. Newer antimicrobials(monobactam and newer quinolones) with improved access and an appropriately focused spectrum for CNS infections will become available.
Key Words: Antimicrobial treatment; Central nervous system; Bacterial infection
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