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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 20(9); 1991 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1991;20(9): 731-739.
Results of Posteior Instrumentations for Thoracolumbar Spinal Injures.
Kyeong Seok Lee, Jae Won Doh, Hack Gun Bae, Il Gyu Yun
Departments of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Chonan Hospital, Chonan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
We present a retrospective study on the results of posterior instrumentation with various devices after thoracolumbar spinal injuries. From Jaunary 1985 to December 1990, we operated 61 patients in Soonchunhyang University Chonan Hospital. Fourty-six patients were followed at least three months(three to 40 months). Rod system was used in 21 patients and pedicle screw system was used in 27 patients. In two patients, both systems were used. We divided them into two group ; Group A for the patients operated with rod system and Group B for the patients operated with pedicluar screw system. We analysed and compared the results of these two groups. There were no significant differences in the age, sex, causes of injury, levels and types of injury, and the incidence of cord injury. The final wedge deformity was less severe in Group B than A(P<0.02). However, the final angular deformity did not significantly differ in two groups. The mean hospital stay of Group B was shorter than that of Group A, but the difference was not statistically significant. Although there was no statistical significance, the final wedge deformity was severe in patients who were older than 40 years of age, who follwed up for more than 300 days, and who had cord injury. The final wedge deformity and angular deformity were severe in patients whose preoperative deformity was great(P<0.05 and P<0.02, respectively). The angular deformity was also severe Group A, in patients who had cord injury, who followed up for more than 300 days, and who were younger than 40 years of age, but these differences lack the statistical significance. Although the rate of complication in Group B(40.7%) was higher than Group A(28.6%), this diference was not significant. The most common complication was rod displacement in Group A and screw fracute in Group B. Pedicle screw system was superior to the rod system in this study. Improving the instruments and accumulating clinical experiences, pedicle screw system will be an effective method for thracolumbar stabilization.
Key Words: Thoracolumbar spine; Trauma; Stabilization; Rod system; Screw pedicle system; Wedge deformity; Angulation
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