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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1993;22(6): 739-748.
Clinical Assessment on Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myeloradiculopathy.
Jung Yul Park, Jung Keun Suh, Hoon Kap Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Cervical spondylosis is known to be one of the most common disorders involving bony and neural structures of cervical region and shows variety of clinical menifestation, namely radiculopathy, myelopathy, or both. Also, the outcome of the treatment of this disorder, whether surgical or nonsurgical, shows wide variations according to handful reports from different institutions. The purpose of this report is to assess the patients treated by our department for their spondylogenic symptoms. The results of treatments from 102 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and/or myelopathy were clinically assessed. Among them, thirty eight patients were undelwent operation and followed up for at least six to twelve month period. Remaining sixty four patients were treated conservatively for three weeks to three months. The results are as follows: 1) Among 102 patients, the most common type was combined myeloradiculopathy(57.8%). 2) Mean age was 52 tears with range between 31 to 74 years. Male to female ratio was about three to one. 3) Multiple level involvement was 52% and C5-6 was the most commonly involved level by single lesions. 4) Mean AP diameter of cervical canal of the spondylotic patients, as compared with the control group, was significantly narrowed(p<0.01). 5) Overall outcome by conservative treatment showed 65.3% improvement and 86.8% improvement by operative treatment. 6) Among various clinical factors studied(age, severity, duration of symptoms, multiple level involvement, methods of operation), only the degree of severity revealed statistically significant effect on outcome of both conservative and operative group. 7) There were three cases of mild transient neurological complications and one case of technical complication(graft extrusion).
Key Words: Cervical spondylosis; AP diameter; Conservative treatment; Operative treatment; Clinical factors; Complications
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