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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 22(11); 1993 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1993;22(11): 1206-1212.
Blood Glucose Level and Neurological Outcome in Head-Injured Patients.
Jeong Pill Park, Hyung Bong Moon, Hyeong Geun Joo, Hyun Won Jo, Hyuk Park, Sung Moon Yoon
Department of Neurosurgery, Dong Gang Hospital, Ulsan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
The authors had analysed retrospectively a series of 286 consecutive patients with head injury who were admitted to the department of neurosurgery. Dong Gang Hospital between March and July, 1992. 59 cases underwent craniotomy for evacuation of intracranial hematoma and/or placement of subarachnoid bolt for intracranial pressure monitoring under general anesthesia. Patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale(GCS) Score of 8 or less had significantly higher serum glucose levels postoperatively than patients with GCS score of 12 to 15(p<0.05). Patients who subsequently remained in a vegetative state or died had significantly higher glucose levels postoperatively than patients who had good outcome or moderate disability(p<0.05). Among the more severely injured patients(GCS Score< or =8), a serum glucose level greater than 200mg/dl on admission is associated with a significantly worse outcome(p<0.05). The results suggest that severely head-injured patients frequently showed hyperglycemia and the elevted serum glucose level may worsen the neurological outcome in such patients.
Key Words: GCS; Glucose; Head injury; Hyperglycemia
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