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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1994;23(2): 167-172.
The Clinical Analysis of EVD of the Spontaneous Intraventricular Hemorrhage.
Hee Tae Moon, Eun Joo Ha, Jong Soo Lee, Seung Jae Lee, Hyo Il Park
Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, Korea.
The authors analysed retrospectively 41 cases of spontaneous IVH(intraventricular hemorrhage) which were treated with EVD(extraventricular drainage). In cases of poor drainage of CSF(cerebrospinal fluid) through the EVD catheter, infusion of urokinase was tried. The most common age groups of IVH patients were the 5th and 6th decades. Sexual incidence was 23 : 18 in male vs. female. The etioligies of the spontaneous IVH in order of frequency were hypertension, aneurysm rupture, AVM. The overall mortality rate was 49%, but a poor outcome was noted in 64% of the cases. The cases of high Graeb score & low GCS(Glasgow coma scale) score on admission showed poor outcome. Incidence of complication was 27%. Ventriculostomy was effective in many cases of IVH, especially in the early stage of stroke.
Key Words: Spontaneous intraventricular hemorrhage; Greab score; External ventricular
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