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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1994;23(8): 924-931.
Neuroepithelial Tumor Relevant Genes.
Hae Cheol Lee, Dong Won Kim, In Jang Choi, Jang Chull Lee, Eun Ik Son, Man Bin Yim, In Hong Kim
1Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea.
2Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Taegu, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Cancer may be a disease of genes, arising from genetic damage of diverse sorts-recessive and dominant mutations, large rearrangement of DNA and gene translocation on chromosomes, all leading to distorisions of either the expression or biochemical function of genes. The search for these genetic damage in neoplastic cells now is the most important in cancer research. It has been found that the cancer relevant genes were located on the specific regions of chromosomes. To determine whether epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), P53 and bcr genes located in chromosomes 7, 17 and 22 are altered, we examined 12 neuroepithelial tumor with Southern blot analysis(five low grade astrocytoma, two high grade astrocytoma, two medulloblastoma, on oligodendroglioma, one ependymoma, one choroid plexus papilloma). The loss of heterozygosity(LOH) of EGFR gene was detected in two cases of medulloblastoma. The rearrangement of EGFR gene was detected in a case of ependymoma. The LOH of P53 gene was found in a case of choroid plexus papilloma and low grade astrocytoma. The rearrangement of P53 gene was founs id a case of oligodendroglioma. The LOH of bcr gene was observed in two cases of medulloblastoma and low grade astrocytoma. The rearrangement of bcr gene was observed in two cases of high grade astrocytoma. These results suggested that tumorigenesis and tumor development in the neuroepithelial tumor may invlove specific gene changes in chromosomes 7, 17 and 22.
Key Words: Neuroepithelial tumor; Southern blot; Loss of heterozygosity; Relevant gene
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