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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 27(4); 1998 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1998;27(4): 481-487.
The Adequate Extent of Thoracic Sympathectomy for Essential Palmar Hyperhidrosis.
Young Sul Yoon, Young Soo Kim, Yong Eun Cho, Kyung Gi Cho
1Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
Essential palmar hyperhidrosis is a disease characterized by excessive perspiration on the palms and hands due to the hyperaction of sympathetic nervous discharge. In severe cases, excessive sweating is seen on the face, axilla, trunk, and soles. Several therapeutic modalities were applied but surgical resection of the sympathetic ganglion is the only curative method. Numerous open surgeries of the thoracic sympathetic ganglia for the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis have been advocated, but they have also produced several complications. A new therapeutic technique for this disorder has been introduced by combining a thoracoscope and video system. Nowadays, thoracoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy is accepted as the treatment of choice for essential palmar hyperhidrosis. This technique is safe and easy. It also reduces the operating time and admission period. It has also very few complications. Compensatory hyperhidrosis on the trunk, back, and thigh, etc. is commonly an unwanted and unsolved complication after thoracic sympathectomy. Through my experience of thoracic sympathectomy, I thought that the incidence of compensatory hyperhidrosis was closely related to the extent of thoracic sympathectomy. So I restricted the extent of thoracic sympathectomy as a T2 sympathetic ganglion from September 1995. From Mar., 1989 To Aug., 1995, T2, T3 sympathetic ganglionectomies were performed for palmar hyperhidrosis patients and from Sept. 1995 T2 sympathetic ganglionectomies were performed. Using questionnaires, I compared these 2 groups. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) Using thoracoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy, operating time, admission period and complications could be reduced. 2) The risk of bleeding during the operation(especially bleeding from the hemiazygous vein) could be reduced in the T2 sympathectomy group. 3) The treatment effect of T2 sympathectomy is no different from T2, T3 sympathectomy for essential palmar hyperhidrosis. 4) The incidence of compensatory hyperhidrosis is less in the T2 sympathectomy group than in the T2, T3 sympathectomy group. From the above results, I concluded thoracoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy is the treatment of choice for essential palmar hyperhidrosis and the adequate extent for sympathectomy is T2 sympathetic ganglion.
Key Words: Essential palmar hyperhidrosis; Thoracoscopic sympathectomy; T2 sympathetic ganglionectomy; Compensatory hyperhidrosis
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