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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 1999;28(8): 1144-1149.
Prognostic Factors in Spontaneous Thalamic Hemorrhage.
Yeon Sang Kwak, Baek Heoyun Lee, Jun Sub Lim, Min Suk Oh
Department of Neurosurgery, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Kwangju, Korea.
OBJECT: Object of this study is to study which factors affect the prognosis in spontaneous thalamic hemorrhage treated with conservative method, stereotactic surgery and extraventricular drainage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 127 patients with spontaneous thalamic hemorrhage for evaluating the factors affecting prognosis. Various factors such as age, sex, location of hematoma, Glasgow coma scale(GCS) on admission, intraventricular hemorrhage(IVH), ventricular dilatation, CT classification, hematoma diameter, 4th ventricle dilatation, and treatment modality.
The results were as follows: 1) Of the 40 patients with GCS of 3 to 8, 15 patients(37.5%) died. Of the 34 patients with GCS of 13-15, 33 patients(97%) survived 2) The 99 patients had intraventricular hemorrhage and 25 patients(25.2%) died. The 28 patients had no intraventricular hemorrhage and they all survived. 3) Of the 24 patients in whom the cerebrocaudate index(CCI) was more than 0.25, 10 patients(41.6%) died and only 2 patients had good prognosis. The 35 patients had no ventricular dilatation and all 35 patients survived 4) Of the 23 patients extending to hypothalamus or midbrain with ventricular hemorrhage, 11 patients(47.8%) died and 12 patients(52.1%) survived. 5) Of the 10 patients in whom hematoma diameter was more than 45mm, 4 patients(40%) died and 6 patients(60%) had a poor prognosis. 6) The 31 patients had hemorrhagic dilatation of the fourth ventricle and 16 patients(51.6%) died. Of the 29 patients with ventricular hemorrhage and no dilatation, 6 patients(20.6%) died.
Multiple logistic regression analysis showed prognostic factors: GCS score(p<1/20.0001), extending to hypotahalamus or midbrain with ventricular hemorrhage(p<1/20.0001), thalamic hematoma with IVH(p<1/20.0001), dilated 4th ventricle hemorrhage(p<1/20.0012), hematoma diameter(p<1/20.0001), CCI(p<1/20.0001).
Key Words: Thalamic hemorrhage; Prognostic factor
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