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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2001;30(3): 319-324.
Epidural Leakage of Polymethylmethacrylate Following Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in the Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures.
Yoon Kyu Oh, Kyeong Sik Ryu, Chun Kun Park, Joon Ki Kang
Department of Neurosurgery, Kang Nam St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
S: The percutaneous vertebroplasty provides a good result in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. But, the epidural leakage of polymethylmetacrylate(PMMA) after vertebroplasty may decrease the therapeutic effects because of the compression of thecal sac and/or nerve roots. The authors carried out a prospective study to evaluate the causative factors of epidural leakage of PMMA and to assess the influence on the outcome.
This study involved 347 vertebral levels of compression fractures in 159 patients. Among these, the epidural leakages were identified in 92 vertebral levels(26.5%) in 64 patients(40.3%) on post-operative CT scan.
The incidence of epidural leakage of PMMA was significantly higher in the level above T7(p=0.001). The large amount of the injected PMMA and the use of an injector also increased the incidence(p=0.03 and p=0.045, respectively). The position of the needle tip in the vertebral body and the pattern of venous drainage did not influence. The immediate post-operative visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and facial scales(FS) were higher in the patients with epidural leakage(p=0.009). But there were no significant differences between the two groups after three months of operation(p=0.541).
The incidence of epidural leakage of PMMA after percutaneous vertebroplasty appears to have relationship with the amount of PMMA and the levels injected. The epidural leakage of PMMA reduced the immediate therapeutic effects of vertebroplasty, but did not influence the late outcome. However, the epidural leakage should be avoided because of its potential neurological complications.
Key Words: Epidural leakage; Vertebroplasty; Polymethylmetacrylate(PMMA); Osteoporosis; Vertebral compression fractures
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