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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 37(1); 2005 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2005;37(1): 34-38.
Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage in Children: Analysis of Clinical Characteristics.
Bang Hoon Lee, Shi Hun Song, Seung Won Choi, Seon Hwan Kim, Hyeon Song Koh, Jin Young Youm
Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. song123@cnu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE:
Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage in children is not common and very different compared to adults. We analyze the etiology, hemorrhagic type, clinical features, and outcome of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage in children.
METHODS:
Twenty-nine patients under 17years of age with nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage were analyzed retrospectively. Neonates were excepted. We reviewed their medical records in regard to their age, symptoms, radiologic findings, treatment, and prognosis.
RESULTS:
Among 29 patients, there were 17boys and 12girls. The average age was 10.2years. The most common presenting symptom was mental deterioration, and the most common cause was arteriovenous malformation. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage in children showed a better prognosis than in adults.
CONCLUSION:
Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage in children resulted mainly from vascular malformation and the prognosis is relatively good. More careful follow-up studies and active management are needed for better outcomes.
Key Words: Nontraumatic; Spontaneous ICH; Children
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