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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2005;38(6): 435-441.
Expandable Cage for Cervical Spine Reconstruction.
Ho Yeol Zhang, Issada Thongtrangan, Hoang Le, Jon Park, Daniel H Kim
1Department of Neurosurgery, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
2Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA.
Expandable cage used for spinal reconstruction after corpectomy has several advantages over nonexpendable cages. Here we present our clinical experience with the use of this cage after anterior column corpectomy with an average of one year follow up. METHODS: Ten patients underwent expandable cage reconstruction of the anterior column after single-level or multilevel corpectomy for various cervical spinal disorders. Anterior plating with or without additional posterior instrumentation were performed in all patients. Functional outcomes, complications, and radiographic outcomes were determined. RESULTS: There was no cage-related complication. Functionally, neurological examination revealed improvement in 7 of 10 patients and no patient had neurological deterioration after the surgery. Immediate stability was achieved and maintained throughout the period of follow-up. There was minimal subsidence (<2mm) noticeable in three of the cases that underwent a two-level corpectomy. Subsidence was noted in osteoporotic patients and patients undergoing multi-level corpectomies. Average pre-operative kyphotic angle was 9 degrees. This was corrected to an average of 5.4 degrees in lordosis postoperatively. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, expandable cages are safe and effective devices for vertebral body replacement after cervical corpectomy when used in combination with anterior plating with or without additional posterior stabilization. The advantages of using expandable cages include its ability to easily accommodate itself into the corpectomy defect, its ability to tightly purchase into the endplates after expansion and thus minimizing the potential for migration, and finally, its ability to correct kyphosis deformity via its in vivo expansion properties.
Key Words: Cervical corpectomy; Expandable cage; Spinal fusion; Interbody fusion
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