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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 39(4); 2006 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2006;39(4): 256-259.
Kyphotic Angle Measurement Accuracy for Vertebral Osteoporotic Compression Fracture: Reliable Method for Kyphotic Angle Measurement.
Jae Taek Hong, Sang Won Lee, Byung Chul Son, Jae Hoon Sung, Choon Keun Park, Moon Chan Kim
1Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea. nslsw@vincent.cuk.ac.kr
2Department of Neurosurgery, Leon Wiltse Memorial Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
3Department of Neurosurgery, Kangnam St. Marys' Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Having a reliable and reproducible measurement technique to measure the sagittal contour in vertebral fractures is paramount to clinical decision making. This study is designed to determine the most reliable measurement technique in osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture.
Fifteen lateral radiographs of thoracic and lumbar fractures were selected and measured on two separate occasions by three spine surgeons using six different measurement techniques (Centroid, Harrison Posterior Tangent Methods and 4 different types of modified Cobb method). The radiograph quality was assessed and the center beam location was determined. Statistical analysis including ANOVA for repeated measures was carried out using the SAS software (v 8.0).
The inter and intraobserver variance of the Cobb method 4 and Harrison posterior tangent method were significantly lower than the other four methods. The intraobserver correlation coefficients were the most consistent using the Cobb method 4 (0.982), which was followed by the Harrison posterior tangent (0.953) and Cobb methods 1 (0.874). The intraobserver agreement (% of repeated measures within 5 degrees of the original measurement) ranged from 42% to 98% for each technique for all three observers, with the Cobb method 4 showing the best agreement (97.8%) followed by the Harrison posterior tangentmethod (93.7%).
The Cobb method-4 and Harrison posterior tangent methods, when applied to measuring the kyphosis, are reliable and have a similar small error range. The Cobb method 4 shows the best overall reliability. However, the centroid method and Cobb method using a fractured endplate do not produce an accurate result due to inter and intraobserver differences in determining the baseline.
Key Words: Osteoporosis; Vertebral compression fracture; Kyphotic angle; Modified Cobb method; Harrison posterior tangential method; Centroid method
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