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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2006;39(6): 427-431.
Role of Three-dimensional Computed Tomography Angiography in the Follow-up of Patients with Aneurysm Clips.
Seong Hyun Park, Jae Chan Park, Jeong Hyun Hwang, Sung Kyoo Hwang, In Suk Hamm
Department of Neurosurgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. nsdoctor@naver.com
The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) as a postoperative follow-up examination after intracranial aneurysms have been clipped.
Between January 2002 and June 2005, 522 consecutive patients received treatment for intracranial aneurysms. A retrospective analysis of 310 patients with postoperative 3D-CTAs was performed to evaluate aneurysmal remnants and de novo aneurysms. This study was conducted in 271 patients with at least immediate and 6-month routine 3D-CTAs for postoperative clipped aneurysm and 39 patients with 3D-CTAs for clipped aneurysm before 2002 when there was no 3D-CTA in our hospital.
Eight patients had abnormal CT angiographic findings. Aneurysm remnants were revealed in 4 patients and de novo aneurysms were discovered in 5 patients. Two patients were found at the postoperative 6-month 3D-CTA performed routinely. In 1 patient, the aneurysm was demonstrated on the way to the examination of syncope. In 2 patients, the author recommended 3D-CTA although there was no symptom because the patients had visited our institute long time ago (5.1, 4.5 years). Of the 8 patients, 2 remnants and 1 de novo aneurysm were treated by endovascular treatment. Three de novo aneurysms at the middle cerebral artery and 1 pericallosal artery aneurysm were treated by direct clipping because these aneurysms were not suitable for the endovascular treatment in point of anatomical configuration. One patient with both remnant and de novo aneurysm was treated conservatively.
3D-CTA is an available, non-invasive diagnostic tool for the postoperative follow-up examination of aneurysmal state in patients after clipping.
Key Words: 3D-CTA; Intracranial aneurysm; Aneurysm remnant; De novo aneurysm
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