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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2006;40(4): 273-276.
Spinal Cavernous Hemangioma Causing Sudden Paraplegia in a 23-Month-Old Kid.
Jae Hoon Cho, You Nam Chung, Kyu Chang Wang, Byung Kyu Cho
Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. bkcho@snu.ac.kr
Although cavernous angioma itself is not rare, the epidural spinal localization is uncommon and makes preoperative differential diagnosis difficult. An extraordinary case of a thoracic epidural cavernous angioma in very young age, causing sudden paraplegia is presented. Only 79 cases have been reported in the literatures and among them, this kid was the youngest. A 23-month-old boy was referred to us with a 2-day history of sudden both lower limb weakness. Two days before admission, he got up at morning and was unable to stand and even to move the legs. MRI revealed an epidural mass surrounding spinal cord associated with cord compression at the level of the C5 through T3. Through posterior approach with exposure of C6 to T3 level, the hematomatous mass was removed subtotally due to intraoperative bleeding and its ventral location. After the first operation, the weakness of bilateral lower extremities was improved so as to move against the gravity. But the next day, the limb weakness was aggravated as same as preoperative status due to mass effect of new hematoma. The second operation was performed to remove the hematoma and to control the bleeding focus. Several weeks later, the limb weakness was improved and he was able to walk. The literatures about spinal cavernous angioma are reviewed.
Key Words: Epidural cavernous angioma; Cervicothoracic; Paraplegia; Magnetic resonance imaging
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