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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2007;42(1): 6-10.
Bone Cement Augmentation of Pedicular Screwing in Severe Osteoporotic Spondylolisthetic Patients.
Hyeun Sung Kim, In Ho Park, Jae Kwang Ryu, Seok Won Kim, Ho Shin
1Department of Neurosurgery, Mokpo Hankook Hospital, Mokpo, Korea.
2Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. chosunns@hanmail.net
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bone cement augmentation of pedicular screwing in severe osteoporotic spondylolisthetic patients.
Twenty patients with spondylolisthesis (8 : spondylolytic spondylolisthesis 12 : degenerative spondylolisthesis) who had undergone pedicular screwing and interbody fusion for osteoporotic lumbar spine (T-score on bone mineral density<-3.0) from 2002 to 2005 were reviewed. Mean age was 62.3 years with 3 male and 17 female patients. Average follow-up period was 14 months. Average T-score on bone mineral density (BMD) was -3.62. After decompression of neural elements, about 6cc of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) was injected into the each vertebral body through transpedicular route. All patients underwent one level interbody fusion and pedicular screw fixation. Clinical outcome was assessed using Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) on the last clinical follow-up. In addition, a modified MacNab's grading criteria was used to objectively assess patient's outcome postoperatively. Radiographic analysis of sagittal contour was assessed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at final follow-up including fusion rate.
Eighteen of 20 patients were graded as excellent or good according to the modified MacNab's criteria. An significant improvement of ODI was achieved in both groups. Mean sagittal angle at the preoperative state, postoperative state and at the last follow-up state was 11.0 degrees, 20.1 degrees and 18.3 degrees, respectively, with mean sagittal angle correction gain 7.3 degrees. Firm fusion was achieved in all patients. There were one compression fracture above the fused segment after 6 months follow-up and one case of seroma. But, there were no postoperative complications related to bone cement leakage and pedicular screwings such as screw pullout or screw cut-up.
Bone cement augmentation of pedicular screwing can be an effective procedure for osteoporotic lumbar spine in spondylolisthetic patients.
Key Words: Spondylolisthesis; Severe osteoporosis; Bone cement; Augmentation
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