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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2007;42(3): 173-178.
The Causal Relationship of the Hydrocephalus in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.
Tae Sob Shin, Chul Ku Jung, Hyun Woo Kim, Keung Suk Park, Jae Myung Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. ckjung@kyuh.co.kr
Hydrocephalus is one of the major complications following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, the risk factors of the hydrocephalus after SAH are not still well known. This study was focused on verification of the causal relationships between the development of hydrocephalus and SAH.
The patients who developed hydrocephalus after rupture of aneurysms were studied. To obtain prognostic factors regarding to hydrocephalus, several parameters such as age, sex, hypertension, location of aneurysm, existence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), Glasgow coma scale (GCS), Hunt-Hess SAH classification & Fisher Grade on admission and the ratio of frontal horn of lateral ventricle diameter to skull inner table diameter at this level (FH/ID) were studied retrospectively.
The development of hydrocephalus following SAH is multifactorial. The age, IVH, FH/ID ratio were related to hydrocephalus in analysis. There is a low clinical correlation between sex, hypertension, location of aneurysm, existence of ICH, GCS, Hunt-Hess SAH classification, Fisher Grade on admission and hydrocephalus.
Knowledge on risk factors related to the occurrence of hydrocephalus may help guide neurosurgeons in the long-term care of patients who have experienced aneurysmal SAH.
Key Words: Hydrocephalus; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; Risk factors
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