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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 42(4); 2007 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2007;42(4): 317-325.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2007.42.4.317
A Clinical Analysis of Surgical Treatment for Spontaneous Spinal Infection.
Dong Geun Lee, Kyung Bum Park, Dong Ho Kang, Soo Hyun Hwang, Jin Myung Jung, Jong Woo Han
Department of Neurosurgery, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea. Kongs70s@paran.com
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of the study was to determine the clinical effects of anterior radical debridement on a series of patients with spontaneous spinal infection.
METHODS:
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 32 patients who underwent surgical treatment from January 2000 to December 2005 in our department. The average follow-up Period was 33.4 months (range, 6 to 87 months). Thirty-two patients presented with the following : 23 cases with pyogenic spondylitis, eight with tuberculous spondylitis and one with fungal spondylitis. The indications for surgery were intractable pain, failure of medical management, neurological impairment with or without an associated abscess, vertebral destruction causing spinal instability and/or segmental kyphosis.
RESULTS:
The study included 15 (46.9%) males and 17 (53.1%) females ranging in age from 26 to 75 years (mean, 53.1 years). Diabetes mellitus (DM) and pulmonary Tbc were the most common predisposing factors for pyogenic spondylitis and tuberculous spondylitis. Staphylococcus aureus (13%) was the main organism isolated. The most prevalent location was the lumbar spine (75%). Changes in the pain score, Frankel's classification, and laboratory parameters demonstrated a significant clinical improvement in all patients. However, there were recurrent infections in two patients with tuberculous spondylitis and inappropriate debridement and intolerance of medication and noncompliance. Autologous rib, iliac bone and allograft (fibular) were performed in most patients. However, 10 patients were grafted using a titanium mesh cage after anterior radical debridement. There were no recurrent infections in the 10 cases using the mesh cage with radical debridement.
CONCLUSION:
The findings of this study indicate that surgery based on appropriate surgical indications is effective for the control of spinal infection and prevention of recurrence with anterior radical debridement, proper drug use and abscess drainage.
Key Words: Spinal infection; Spinal instrumentation; Surgical mesh
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