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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 42(6); 2007 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2007;42(6): 427-435.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2007.42.6.427
Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease; Current Options for Surgical or Medical Treatment.
Pil Woo Huh, Do Sung Yoo
Department of Neurosurgery, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, Uijeongbu, Korea. pilbrain@catholic.ac.kr
Recently, intracranial atherosclerosis has become a major cause of ischemic stroke, appearing more frequently in Koreans than Caucasians. Symptomatic or asymptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis is a disease that could recur readily even during the treatment with anti-platelet agents. When the symptoms develop, ischemic stroke can not be recovered readily. Therefore, aggressive treatments such as endovascular therapy and bypass surgery are required in addition to medical treatment for the intracranial artery stenosis. Recent intracranial stenting and drug eluting stenting have shown as very advanced effective therapeutic modalities. Nevertheless, until now, a randomized controlled study has not been conducted. Regarding bypass surgery, since the failed EC-IC bypass surgery study performed 20 years ago, extensive studies on its efficacy has not been conducted yet, and thus it has to be performed strictly only in hemodynamically compromised patients. Unless breakthrough drugs that suppress the progression of intracranial atherosclerosis and the formation of thrombi, and facilitate the regression of the arterial stenosis, the treatment concept of the recovery of the blood flow of stenotic arterial territory by mechanical recanalization or bypass surgery would be remained for the prevention as well as treatment of ischemic stroke caused by intracranial atherosclerosis.
Key Words: Angioplasty and stenting; Bypass surgery; Intracranial atherosclerosis
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