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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 43(1); 2008 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;43(1): 11-15.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.43.1.11
Clinical Analysis of Risk Factors Related to Recurrent Chronic Subdural Hematoma.
Byung Soo Ko, Jung Kil Lee, Bo Ra Seo, Sung Jun Moon, Jae Hyoo Kim, Soo Han Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University, Hospital & Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. jkl@chonnam.ac.kr
Burr hole drainage has been widely used to treat chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). However, the incidence of recurrent CSDH varies from 3.7 to 30% after surgery. The authors attempted to elucidate the risk factors associated with the recurrence of CSDH in one burr hole drainage technique.
A total of 255 consecutive cases who underwent one burr hole drainage for CSDH were included in this study. Twenty-four patients (9.4%) underwent a repeated operation because of the recurrence of CSDH. We analyzed retrospectively the demographic, clinical and radiologic factors associated with the recurrence of CSDH.
In this study, two risk factors were found to be independently associated with the recurrence of CSDH. The incidence of CSDH recurrence in the high- and mixed-density groups was significantly higher than those in the low- and iso-density groups (p<0.001). Bleeding tendency such as in leukemia, liver disease and chronic renal failure was also significantly associated with recurrence of CSDH (p=0.037).
These results suggest that high- and mixed-density shown on computed tomographic scan was closely relates with a high incidence of recurrence. Therefore, the operation could be delayed in those cases unless severe symptoms or signs are present. Reoperation using the previous burr hole site is a preferred modality to treat the recurrent CSDH.
Key Words: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH); Recurrence; Computed tomography
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