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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 43(4); 2008 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;43(4): 182-185.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.43.4.182
Long Term Results of Microsurgical Dorsal Root Entry Zonotomy for Upper Extremity Spasticity.
Joo Chul Hong, Min Soo Kim, Chul Hoon Chang, Sang Woo Kim, Oh Lyong Kim, Seong Ho Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. shkim@med.yu.ac.kr
The purpose of the present study is to assess the long-term results of microsurgical dorsal root entry zonotomy (MDT) for the treatment of medically intractable upper-extremity spasticity.
The records of nine adult patients who underwent MDT by one operating neurosurgeon from March 1999 to June 2004 were retrospectively reviewed by another investigator who had no role in the management of these patients. In all patients, MDT was performed on all roots of the upper limb (from C5 to T1) for spasticity of the upper extremity. The degree of spasticity was measured by the Modified Ashworth Scale (grade 0-4). Severity of the pain level was determined using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS, score 0-10). Also, patient satisfaction of the post-operative outcome was assessed.
Comparing the preoperative and postoperative spasticity using the Modified Ashworth Scale, we observed improvement in all patients, particularly in five of the nine patients (55.6%) who improved by three grades over an average of 66.4 months (range, 40-96). Regarding patient satisfaction, seven patients (77.8%) had affirmative results. None of the patients experienced severe, life-threatening, postoperative complications. We observed a decrease in the intensity of painful spasms to less than three scores as measured by NRS in all four patients with associated pain.
This study shows that MDT provides significant, long-term reduction of harmful spasticity and associated pain in the upper limbs.
Key Words: Muscle spasticity; Upper extremity; Spinal cord; DREZ operation; Long-term effect
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