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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;44(1): 15-18.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.44.1.15
Computerized Tomographic Measurements of Morphometric Parameters of the C2 for the Feasibility of Laminar Screw Fixation in Korean Population.
Young June Kim, Woo Tack Rhee, Sang Bok Lee, Seung Hoon You, Sang Youl Lee
Department of Neurosurgery Gangneung Asan Hospital, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Gangneung, Korea. seasons@gnah.co.kr
C2 laminar screw fixation is considered as an excellent alternative to Magerl's transfacetal approach or Harms construct for the atlantoaxial stabilization. However, to our knowledge, there is no report on the feasibility of the new approach to Korean population. We investigated morphometric parameters of the dorsal arch of the C2 to provide the quantitative data for the feasibility of laminar screw fixation. METHODS: One-hundred-and-two patients' cervical computed tomography had been reconstructed and investigated on the anatomical parameters related with C2 laminar screw placement. Sixty patients were male and forty-two patients were female. Measurements included the laminar thickness and slope, spino-laminar angle, and maximal screw length. RESULTS: Ages ranged from 20 to 81 and the mean age was 48.4. Mean laminar thickness was 5.7 mm (+/-1.0) (5.8 mm in male and 5.4 mm in female). Fifty-one patients (50%) had a laminar thickness smaller than 5.5 mm at least unilaterally, therefore the patients were considered as inappropriate candidates for the laminar screw fixation in the smaller side of the laminae. Mean value of maximal length of screw was 33.3 mm (34.3 mm in male and 31.9 mm in female). Mean spino-laminar angle was 43.2degrees and mean slope angle was 32.9degrees. CONCLUSION: Half of patients had inappropriate laminar profiles to accommodate a 3.5 mm screw in at least one side of the axis. The three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction is mandatory for the preoperative assessment for the feasibility of the C2 lamina.
Key Words: Axis; Laminar screw
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