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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;44(1): 26-35.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.44.1.26
STN DBS of Advanced Parkinson's Disease Experienced in a Specialized Monitoring Unit with a Prospective Protocol.
Ji Yeoun Lee, Jung Ho Han, Han Joon Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Dong Gyu Kim, Sun Ha Paek
1Department of Neurosurgery, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. brain@snu.ac.kr
3Department of Neurology, Inje University College of Medicine Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
In the evaluation of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), most neurologists only see their patients during a limited period of their fluctuating 24-hour-a-day lives. This study aimed to assess the short-term outcome of STN stimulation for patients with advanced PD evaluated in a 24-hour monitoring unit for movement disorder (MUMD) using a prospective protocol. METHODS: Forty-two patients with advanced PD consecutively treated with bilateral STN stimulation using multi-channel microelectrode recording were included in this study. All patients were evaluated using a 24-hour MUMD with a video recording/editing system and were evaluated with a prospective protocol of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, Hoehn and Yahr Staging, Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living, levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD), Short Form-36 Health Survey, and neuropsychological tests. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain were performed prior to and six months after surgery. RESULTS: All patients were evaluated at three and six months after surgery. There was a rapid and significant improvement of the motor symptoms, especially in tremor and rigidity, after STN stimulation with low morbidity. Dyskinesia was markedly decreased with much lowered LEDD values by 50% after STN stimulation. 1.5T MR images were safely taken according to the manufacturer's guidelines at six months after surgery without any adverse effects in 41 patients treated with STN stimulations.
Evaluations in a 24-hour monitoring unit could reduce the dose of medication efficiently to an optimal level with patients'comfort and improve the clinical symptoms in harmony with STN stimulation.
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