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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;44(4): 245-248.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.44.4.245
Time Course of Symptom Disappearance after Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm.
Eun Takf Oh, Eunyoung Kim, Dong Keun Hyun, Seung Hwan Yoon, Hyeonseon Park, Hyung Chun Park
Department of Neurosurgery, Inha University Hospital, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. nskey@inha.ac.kr
This study is to investigate time course of symptom disappearance in patients whose spasm relieved completely after microvascular decompression (MVD).
Of 115 patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) who underwent MVD from April 2003 to December 2006, 89 patients who had no facial paralysis after operation and showed no spasm at last follow-up more than 1.5 years after operation were selected. Symptom disappearance with time after MVD was classified into type 1 (symptom disappearance right after operation), type 2 (delayed symptom disappearance) and type 3 (unusual symptom disappearance). Type 2 was classified into type 2a (with postoperative silent period) and type 2b (without silent period).
Type 1, type 2a, type 2b and type 3 were 38.2%, 48.37%, 12.4% and 1.1%, respectively. Delayed disappearance group (type 2) was 60.7%. Post-operative symptom duration in all cases ranged from 0 to 900 days, average was 74.6 days and median was 14 days. In case of type 2, average post-operative symptom duration was 115.1 days and median was 42 days. Five and 3 patients required more than 1 year and 2 years, respectively, until complete disappearance of spasm. In type 2a, postoperative silent period ranged from 1 to 10 days, with an average of 2.4 days.
Surgeons should be aware that delayed symptom disappearance after MVD for HFS is more common than it has been reported, silent period can be as long as 10 days and time course of symptom disappearance is various as well as unpredictable.
Key Words: Hemifacial spasm; Microvascular decompression; Delayed resolution
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