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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 44(6); 2008 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;44(6): 358-363.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.44.6.358
Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Ten or More Brain Metastases.
Chang Hyun Kim, Yong Seok Im, Do Hyun Nam, Kwan Park, Jong Hyun Kim, Jung Il Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jilee@skku.edu
This study was performed to assess the efficacy of GKS in patients with ten or more brain metastases.
From Aug 2002 to Dec 2007, twenty-six patients (13 men and 13 women) with ten or more cerebral metastatic lesions underwent GKS. The mean age was 55 years (32-80). All patients had Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score of 70 or better. According to recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) classification, 3 patients belonged to class I and 23 to class II. The location of primary tumor was lung (21), breast (3) and unknown (2). The mean number of the lesions per patient was 16.6 (10-37). The mean cumulated volume was 10.9 cc (1.0-42.2). The median marginal dose was 15 Gy (9-23). Overall survival and the prognostic factors for the survival were retrospectively analyzed by using Kaplan Meier method and univariate analysis.
Overall median survival from GKS was 34 weeks (8-199). Local control was possible for 79.5% of the lesions and control of all the lesions was possible in at least 14 patients (53.8%) until 6 months after GKS. New lesions appeared in 7 (26.9%) patients during the same period. At the last follow-up, 18 patients died; 6 (33.3%) from systemic causes, 10 (55.6%) from neurological causes, and 2 (11.1%) from unknown causes. Synchronous onset in non-small cell lung cancer (p=0.007), high KPS score (> or =80, p=0.029), and controlled primary disease (p=0.020) were favorable prognostic factors in univariate analysis.
In carefully selected patients, GKS may be a treatment option for ten or more brain metastases.
Key Words: Multiple; Brain metastases; Gamma knife radiosurgery; Prognostic factor
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