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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 44(6); 2008 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2008;44(6): 375-381.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2008.44.6.375
Effect of Single Growth Factor and Growth Factor Combinations on Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells.
Kyung Chul Choi, Do Sung Yoo, Kyung Sock Cho, Pil Woo Huh, Dal Soo Kim, Chun Kun Park
1Department of Neurosurgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Uijeongbu, Korea. yooman@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Neurosurgery, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
The effects on neural proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSC) of basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (bFGF), insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and nerve growth factor (NGF) were assessed. Also, following combinations of various factors were investigated : bFGF+IGF-I, bFGF+BDNF, bFGF+NGF, IGF-I+BDNF, IGF-I+NGF, and BDNF+NGF. METHODS: Isolated NSC of Fisher 344 rats were cultured with individual growth factors, combinations of factors, and no growth factor (control) for 14 days. A proportion of neurons was analyzed using beta-tubulin III and NeuN as neural markers. RESULTS: Neural differentiations in the presence of individual growth factors for beta-tubulin III-positive cells were : BDNF, 35.3%; IGF-I, 30.9%; bFGF, 18.1%; and NGF, 15.1%, and for NeuN-positive cells was : BDNF, 34.3%; bFGF, 32.2%; IGF-1, 26.6%; and NGF, 24.9%. However, neural differentiations in the absence of growth factor was only 2.6% for beta-tubulin III and 3.1% for NeuN. For beta-tubulin III-positive cells, neural differentiations were evident for the growth factor combinations as follows : bFGF+IGF-I, 73.1%; bFGF+NGF, 65.4%; bFGF+BDNF, 58.7%; BDNF+IGF-I, 52.2%; NGF+IGF-I, 40.6%; and BDNF+NGF, 40.0%. For NeuN-positive cells : bFGF+IGF-I, 81.9%; bFGF+NGF, 63.5%; bFGF+BDNF, 62.8%; NGF+IGF-I, 62.3%; BDNF+NGF, 56.3%; and BDNF+IGF-I, 46.0%. Significant differences in neural differentiation were evident for single growth factor and combination of growth factors respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Combinations of growth factors have an additive effect on neural differentiation. The most prominent neural differentiation results from growth factor combinations involving bFGF and IGF-I. These findings suggest that the combination of a mitogenic action of bFGF and postmitotic differentiation action of IGF-I synergistically affects neural proliferation and NSC differentiation.
Key Words: Neuron; Single growth factor; Combination of growth factors; Synergistic effect
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