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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 47(6); 2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2010;47(6): 420-423.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2010.47.6.420
Involvement of Selective Alpha-2 Adrenoreceptor in Sympathetically Maintained Pain.
Chan Hong Park, An Yong, Sang Ho Lee
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Daegu Wooridul Hospital, Daegu, Korea. magary1@hanmail.net
2Department of Neurosurgery, Daegu Wooridul Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
3Department of Neurosurgery, Wooridul Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Peripheral nerve injury often leads to neuropathic pain, which is characterized by burning pain, allodynia, and hyperalgesia. The role of the sympathetic nervous system in neuropathic pain is a complex and controversial issue. It is generally accepted that the alpha adrenoreceptor (AR) in sympathetic nerve system plays a significant role in the maintenance of pain. Among alpha adrenoreceptor, alpha-1 receptors play a major role in the sympathetic mediated pain. The primary goal of this study is to test the hypothesis that sympathetically maintained pain involves peripheral alpha-2 receptors in human.
The study was a randomized, prospective, double-blinded, crossover study involving twenty patients. The treatments were : Yohimbine (30 mg mixed in 500 mL normal saline), and Phentolamine (1 mg/kg in 500 mL normal saline) in 500 mL normal saline at 70 mL/hr initially then titrated. The patients underwent infusions on three different appointments, at least one month apart. Thus, all patients received all 2 treatments. Pain measurement was by visual analogue scale, neuropathic pain questionnaire, and McGill pain questionnaire.
There were significant decreases in the visual analogue scale, neuropathic score, McGill pain score of yohimnine, and phentolamine.
We conclude that alpha-2 adrenoreceptor, along with alpha-2 adrenoreceptor, may be play role in sympathetically maintained pain in human.
Key Words: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy; Yohimbine; Alpha-2 antagonist
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