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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2010;48(1): 46-52.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2010.48.1.46
The Use of Pedicle Screw-Rod System for the Posterior Fixation in Cervico-Thoracic Junction.
Wonik Cho, Ahmed Shawky Eid, Ung Kyu Chang
1Deparment of Neurosurgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul, Korea. cuk@kcch.re.kr
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
In cervico-thoracic junction (CTJ), the use of strong fixation device such as pedicle screw-rod system is often required. Purpose of this study is to analyze the anatomical features of C7 and T1 pedicles related to screw insertion and to evaluate the safety of pedicle screw insertion at these levels.
Nineteen patients underwent posterior CTJ fixation with C7 and/or T1 included in fixation levels. Seventeen patients had tumorous conditions and two with post-laminectomy kyphosis. The anatomical features were analyzed for C7 and T1 pedicles in 19 patients using computerized tomography (CT). Pedicle screw and rod fixation system was used in 16 patients. Pedicle violation by screws was evaluated with postoperative CT scan.
The mean values of the width, height, stable depth, safety angle, transverse angle, and sagittal angle of C7 pedicles were 6.9 +/- 1.34 mm, 8.23 +/- 1.18 mm, 30.93 +/- 4.65 mm, 26.42 +/- 7.91 degrees, 25.9 +/- 4.83 degrees, and 10.6 +/- 3.39 degrees. At T1 pedicles, anatomic parameters were similar to those of C7. The pedicle violation revealed that 64.1% showed grade I violation and 35.9% showed grade II violation, overall. As for C7 pedicle screw insertion, grade I was 61.5% and grade II 38.5%. At T1 level, grade I was 65.0% and grade II 35.0%. There was no significant difference in violation rate between the whole group, C7, and T1 group.
C7 pedicles can withstand pedicle screw insertion. C7 pedicle and T1 pedicle are anatomically very similar. With the use of adequate fluoroscopic oblique view, pedicle screw can be safely inserted at C7 and T1 levels.
Key Words: Pedicle screw; Cervico-thoracic junction; Posterior fixation
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