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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2010;48(3): 193-198.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2010.48.3.193
Comparative Analysis of Three Different Cervical Lateral Mass Screw Fixation Techniques by Complications and Bicortical Purchase : Cadaveric Study.
Jin Wook Baek, Dong Mook Park, Dae Hyun Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Daegu Catholic University, College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. daehkim@cu.ac.kr
The purpose of this study is to compare the incidence of possible complications of cervical lateral screw fixation and the achievements of bicortical purchase using the Roy-Camille, Magerl and the modified methods.
Six fresh-frozen cervical spine segments were harvested. The Roy-Camille technique was applied to C3 and C4, and the Magerl technique was applied to C5, C6, and C7 of one side of each cadaver. The modified technique was applied to the other side of each cadaver. The nerve root injury, violation of the facet joint, vertebral artery injury, and the bicortication were examined at each screwing level.
No vertebral artery injury was observed in any of the three methods. One nerve root injury was observed in each cervical spine segment using the Roy-Camille method (8.3%), the Magerl method (5.6%), and the modified method (3.3%). Facet joint injuries were observed in two cervical spinal segments using the Roy-Camille method (16.7%) and three with the Magerl method (16.7%), while five facet joint violations occurred when using the modified method (16.7%). Bicortical purchases were achieved on ten cervical spinal segments with the Roy-Camille method (83.3%) and Magerl method (55.6%), while twenty bicortical purchases were achieved in the modified method (66.7%).
The advantages of the modified method are that it is performed by using given anatomical structures and that the complication rate is as low as those of other known methods. This modified method can be performed easily and safely without fluoroscopic assistance for the treatment of many cervical diseases.
Key Words: Lateral mass screw; Cervical vertebra; Roy-Camille technique; Magerl technique
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