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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 50(6); 2011 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2011;50(6): 512-516.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2011.50.6.512
Acute-on-Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Not Uncommon Events.
Kyeong Seok Lee, Jae Jun Shim, Seok Mann Yoon, Jae Won Doh, Il Gyu Yun, Hack Gun Bae
Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea. ksleens@sch.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE:
Patients with asymptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) are prone to fall or slip. Acute trauma on these patients may develop acute subdural bleeding over the chronic SDH. We recently experienced 9 patients with acute-on-chronic SDH. We report the clinical and radiological features of this lesion.
METHODS:
We retrospectively examined the computed tomographic (CT) scans of 107 consecutive patients who diagnosed as chronic SDH from January 2008 to December 2010. All cases of CSDH were diagnosed on CT with or without MRI scan.
RESULTS:
Acute-on-chronic SDH is not rare, being 8% of chronic SDH. The most common cause of trauma was a slip in drunken state. Alcoholism with multiple episodes of trauma was one of the prominent histories. Acute-on-chronic SDH appeared as a hyperdense layer of clot with irregular blurred margin or lumps in liquefied hematoma. Single or two burr holes was usually effective to remove the hematoma.
CONCLUSION:
Repeated trauma may cause acute bleeding over the chronic SDH. It will be helpful to understand the role of repeated trauma as a mechanism of hematoma enlargement.
Key Words: Chronic subdural hematoma; Computed tomography; Craniocerebral trauma; Diagnosis
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