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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 47(5); 2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2010;47(5): 338-344.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2010.47.5.338
Interspinous Implant with Unilateral Laminotomy for Bilateral Decompression of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis in Elderly Patients.
Sung Joo Ryu, In Soo Kim
Department of Neurosurgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. neurokim@dsmc.or.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE:
This study assessed the safety and efficacy of one level unilateral laminotomy bilateral decompression (ULBD) with the placement of a device for intervertebral assisted motion (DIAM) compared with one level ULBD only in elderly patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS).
METHODS:
A non randomized prospective analysis was performed on 16 patients who underwent one level ULBD with DIAM (Group A) and 20 patients with one level ULBD only (Group B) between February 2007 and March 2008. Radiographic imaging, visual analog scale (VAS) and MacNab outcome scale were obtained before and after surgery at a mean interval of 21 months (range 17-27 months).
RESULTS:
The disc height, interpedicular distance, slip distance and segmental lordotic angle were similar between two groups. In the group A, there was no significant difference between the pre- and post-operative imaging in terms of the sagittal balance and disc height. Both groups showed significant improvement in the clinical outcomes. In addition, there was significantly less low-back pain in the group A than in the group B at the last follow up, while the clinical improvement of the leg pain and MacNab outcome scale showed no significant difference in the two groups. There were no major complications or DIAM associated complications.
CONCLUSION:
ULBD with DIAM is a safe and efficacious treatment for selective elderly patients with DLSS, particularly for relieving low back pain comparing to ULBD. ULBD with DIAM did not alter the disc height or sagittal alignment at the mean 21 months follow-up interval.
Key Words: Spinal stenosis; Intervertebral assisted motion; Laminotomy; Low-back pain
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