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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society > Volume 46(2); 2009 > Article
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 2009;46(2): 136-143.
doi: https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2009.46.2.136
Remote Cerebellar Hemorrhage Complicated after Supratentorial Surgery: Retrospective Study with Review of Articles.
Jae Suk Park, Jeong Hyun Hwang, Jaechan Park, In Suk Hamm, Yeun Mook Park
Department of Neurosurgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. jhwang@knu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE:
Remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is one of the rare complications occurring after supratentorial surgery, and its pathomechanism is poorly understood. We report 10 cases of RCH from our institution and review 154 cases from a database in order to delineate incidence, common presentation, risk factors, and outcomes of this complication. In addition, the means of prevention are discussed.
METHODS:
We reviewed the medical records of 10 patients who experienced RCH after undergoing supratentorial surgery at our institution between 2001 and 2008. A database search in Medline revealed 154 cases of RCH in the English literature. Characteristic features were analyzed and compared.
RESULTS:
There were 10 cases of RCH among 3307 supratentorial surgery cases, indicating a 0.3% incidence. All patients had characteristic imaging features of RCH, namely a streaky bleeding pattern in the superior folia of the cerebellum. Seven patients had a history of preoperative hypertension. Four cases were related to cerebral aneurysms, and other four developed after the removal of brain tumors. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage apparatuses were installed postoperatively in all cases. Outcomes according to modified Rankin scale (mRS) were good in 7 patients, with 1 fatal case.
CONCLUSION:
RCH is a rare complication after supratentorial surgery, and the exact etiology still remains uncertain. Hypertension and perioperative loss of CSF seem positively correlated with RCH, but no single risk factor is totally responsible. Patients with RCH should be closely observed to improve their prognosis.
Key Words: Remote cerebellar hemorrhage; Supratentorial surgery; CSF drainage
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